The department offers preparation for students who want to pursue careers in a wide range of fields. It provides an excellent background for all professions involved in the major institutions of modern society, such as business, public administration, law, medicine, journalism, communications, planning, research, and teaching. The department also emphasizes the sociological perspective as a fundamental part of a liberal education and a broad understanding of the world. Students may also declare an area of concentration within the sociology major.
Sociology quickly evolved as an academic response to the perceived challenges of modernity , such as industrialization , urbanization , secularization , and the process of " rationalization ".  The field predominated in continental Europe , with British anthropology and statistics generally following on a separate trajectory. By the turn of the 20th century, however, many theorists were active in the English-speaking world . Few early sociologists were confined strictly to the subject, interacting also with economics , jurisprudence , psychology and philosophy , with theories being appropriated in a variety of different fields. Since its inception, sociological epistemology, methods, and frames of inquiry, have significantly expanded and diverged.